Cold War CIA source Kuklinski posthumously promoted to general
President Andrzej Duda has posthumously promoted Ryszard Kuklinski, a Polish Army colonel who worked for the CIA during the Cold War, to the rank of brigadier general.
The promotion was in response to a request made in February by the country’s Defence Minister Antoni Macierewicz.
Substantiating his request at the time, Macierewicz said that the gesture would be a token of "obvious gratitude" for Kuklinski for his "dangerous" and "intensive" work for Poland’s independence.
A senior Polish Army officer under communism, Kuklinski secretly served as one of the CIA's key sources behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War. Over the years, he provided the Americans with information about strategic Soviet and Warsaw Pact plans, including plans for an attack on NATO countries.
He also passed to the CIA documents about the Polish government's secret plans to impose martial law in the country in 1981. Kuklinski died in 2004 in Tampa, Florida, in the United States.